Milling Tool Wear State Recognition by Vibration Signal Using a Stacked Generalization Ensemble Model

Yang Hui, Xuesong Mei, Gedong Jiang, Tao Tao, Changyu Pei, Ziwei Ma
2019 Shock and Vibration  
Milling tool wear state recognition plays an important role in controlling the quality of milled parts and reducing machine tool downtime. However, the characteristics of milling process limit the accuracy and stability of tool condition monitoring (TCM) employing vibration signals. To improve this problem, this paper explores the use of vibration signals as sensing approach for recognizing tool wear states during milling operation by using the stacked generalization (SG) ensemble model. In
more » ... emble model. In this study, vibration signals collected during the milling process are analyzed through the time domain, frequency domain, and time-frequency domain to extract signal features. The support vector machine recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE) algorithm is used to select the main features which are most relevant to tool wear states. The SG ensemble model based on SVM, decision tree (DT), naive Bayes (NB), and SG ensemble strategy is constructed to recognize tool wear states. The proposed method is experimental verified, and the results show that the recognition accuracy of the established SG ensemble model is 98.74% and the overall G-mean and AUC evaluation value of the model is 0.98 and 0.98, respectively. In addition, compared with other ensemble models and single models, the SG ensemble model based on vibration signals has better recognition accuracy and stability than other models.
doi:10.1155/2019/7386523 fatcat:qdv3nch3avghvmcjidz23g35fi