Plasma and follicular fluid osteopontin levels during ovarian cycle and their correlation with follicular fluid vascular endothelial growth factor levels

Yoshimitsu Kuwabara, Shuichi Ono, Akira Katayama, Sachiko Kurihara, Yumiko Oishi, Toshiyuki Takeshita
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractOsteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional secreted glycoprotein. We evaluated OPN concentrations in blood and follicular fluid (FF) during the ovarian cycle and their relationship with the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which is involved in the pathophysiology of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Twenty-two women undergoing in vitro fertilization (minimal stimulation protocol with clomiphene citrate) were enrolled. Samples were collected (a) on the third
more » ... y of withdrawal bleeding, (b) 2 days before oocyte retrieval, and (c) on the day of oocyte retrieval. FF was collected during oocyte retrieval. The OPN concentration in each specimen and the VEGF concentration in FF was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Plasma OPN concentrations were (in ng/mL): (a) 416 ± 37.2, (b) 378 ± 35.8, and (c) 390 ± 40.0, with no significant differences between the groups. The OPN concentration in FF was 106 ± 13.4 ng/mL. A positive correlation was found between OPN concentrations in FF and plasma samples. A positive correlation was also found between plasma OPN and FF VEGF concentrations, irrespective of the blood-sampling period. Plasma OPN concentration is suggested to reflect the FF VEGF level at oocyte retrieval and maybe a novel clinical marker for predicting the risk for OHSS.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-79453-1 pmid:33431898 fatcat:5xlvqzkoirb2njso5p4wdlhop4