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The focus on online teaching and teachers' digital competence (DC) has reached a new level following the emergence of COVID-19 and its dramatic influence on the educational industry, requiring teachers to be equipped with DC. However, there is no consensus on the measuring framework of teachers' DC. Therefore, this study aimed to construct a reliable self-evaluation framework for in-service teachers' DC during online teaching. The data of 1342 teachers with online teaching experience weredoi:10.3390/su14095268 fatcat:w5wd4zggwrel5fbrom3pq5afra