Effects of sea water and stanniectomy on branchial Ca(2+) handling and drinking rate in eel (Anguilla anguilla L.)
Journal of Experimental Biology
We examined the effects of seawater adaptation and extirpation of the Stannius corpuscles on branchial Ca(2+) flows, gill plasma membrane Ca(2+) transporters and drinking rate of European eels, Anguilla anguilla. Transepithelial Ca(2+) inflow in the gills increased 2 weeks after transfer of the eels from fresh water to sea water and after stanniectomy. Neither of these treatments changed the membrane density or the affinity of the Ca(2+)-extrusion mechanisms (Ca(2+)-ATPase and
... d Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchanger) in the gill cells, as measured in basolateral plasma membrane vesicles. We conclude that the increase in the Ca(2+)-transporting capacity observed in the gills of fish exposed to the larger transepithelial Ca(2+) fluxes, resulting from exposure to sea water or stanniectomy, involves an increase in number and/or size of the Ca(2+)-transporting cells, but not in the membrane density of Ca(2+) transporters. Branchial Ca(2+) outflow was higher in stanniectomised than in sham-operated fish. Changes in electrochemical driving forces as well as plasma stanniocalcin or teleocalcin levels may be the basis for the observed differences. Stanniectomy enhanced drinking in stanniectomised eels. Drinking was not further affected by transfer to sea water. These observations suggest that the corpuscles of Stannius are involved in the water balance.