Characterization of AlMCM-41 synthesized with rice husk silica and utilization as supports for platinumiron catalysts
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
RH-MCM-41 was synthesized by using silica from rice husk and further modified to increase acidity by adding Al with grafting method with Si/Al ratio of 75 and 25. The resulting materials were referred to as RH-AlMCM-41(75) and RH-AlMCM-41(25). The XRD spectra of all RH-AlMCM-41 confirmed a mesoporous structure of MCM-41. Surface areas of all RH-AlMCM-41 were in the range of 700-800 m 2 /g, lower than that of the parent RH-MCM-41, which was 1230 m 2 /g. After Al addition the Si/Al ratios of
... i/Al ratios of RH-AlMCM-41(75) and RH-AlMCM-41(25) were higher than that of the parent RH-MCM-41. The RH-AlMCM-41 materials were used as supports for bimetallic platinum−iron catalysts, denoted as Pt-Fe/RH-AlMCM-41, with Pt and Fe amounts of 0.5 and 5.0% by weight, respectively. Results from TPR indicated that the presence of Al might assist the interaction between Pt and Fe as the reduction temperature of iron oxides shifted to a lower value. All catalysts were active for phenol hydroxylation using H 2 O 2 as an oxidant, for which the highest conversions were observed on the RH-MCM-41 material with the highest surface area. The acidity of the supports did not present a significant role in improving the catalytic performance.