The importance of risk factors for bullying perpetration and victimization

David P. Farrington
2020 Jornal de Pediatria  
It is a great pleasure for me to welcome this very interest-Q2 ing article by Georgia Silva et al. 1 It is especially important in identifying key risk factors for bullying perpetration and victimization in Brazil. It shows that the most important risk factors for victimization include being female, being bisexual or homosexual, having low self-esteem, and using downers or tranquillizers. The most important risk factors for perpetration include being male, having poor school performance,
more » ... performance, consuming alcohol, being a transgressor, and having a favorable attitude to peer violence. The identification of risk factors should be very useful in developing risk assessment instruments and in targeting risk-focused interventions. School bullying is defined as behavior that is intended to harm, that is repetitive, and that involves an imbalance of (social or physical) power between the bully and the victim. 2 The main types of school bullying include being called nasty names, being excluded by peers, spreading unpleasant rumors, being hit or kicked, and having belongings stolen. 3 Boys are generally more involved in direct bullying such as hitting or kicking, while girls may be more involved in indirect or relational bullying such as spreading rumors or excluding other students. 3 DOI of original article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.09.005 ଝ Please cite this article as: Farrington DP. The importance of risk factors for bullying perpetration and victimization. J Pediatr (Rio
doi:10.1016/j.jped.2020.04.003 pmid:32387578 fatcat:meviftuh7vf37kihontjddmt5i