Framework for Optimized Analysis of Waste Bioenergy Projects
Over the years, cities have undergone transformations that, invariably, overload and even compromise the functioning of an energy matrix dependent on increasingly scarce resources. The high demand for energy has challenged stakeholders to invest in more sustainable alternatives, such as bioenergy, which, in addition, helps to reduce the pressure for finite resources, enable the energy recovery of waste and contribute to the mitigation of carbon emissions. For these improvements to be
... stakeholders need specific technological strategies, requiring tools, methods and solutions that support the decision-making process. In this perspective, the current work aimed to develop a framework optimizing the evaluation of waste bioenergy projects through the application of algorithms. Therefore, a literature review was carried out to select the algorithms and identify the sectors/areas and stages in which they are applied. These algorithms were then grouped into two sequential phases. The first targeted the evaluation of region, based on the type and supply of biomass, while the second sought to optimize aspects related to infrastructure and logistics. Both phases were concluded with the application of multi-criteria methods, thus, identifying the areas/regions with the greatest potential for implementing bioenergy projects. In general, it was observed that there are different algorithms and multi-criteria analysis methods that can be suitable in bioenergy projects. They were used to identify and select the regions with the greatest potential for bioenergy plant implementation, focusing on the type, quantity and perpetuity of biomass supply, to assess the operational efficiency of machines, equipment, processes and to optimize the logistics chain, especially the collection and transport of biomass. Thus, the joint work between the use of algorithms and multi-criteria decision methods provides greater assertiveness in choices, helping to identify the most viable projects and mitigating risks and uncertainties for decision-makers.