Movement-related cortical activation with voluntary pinch task: simultaneous monitoring of near-infrared spectroscopy signals and movement-related cortical potentials

Yosuke Sato, Masafumi Fukuda, Makoto Oishi, Yukihiko Fujii
2012 Journal of Biomedical Optics  
This study was designed to evaluate hemodynamic and electrophysiological motor cortex responses to voluntary finger pinching in humans, with simultaneous recording of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signals and movement-related cortical potentials (MRCP). Six healthy, right-handed subjects performed 100 trials of voluntary right-thumb index-finger pinching with about a 10-second interval at their own pace. Throughout the session, 48 regions over the bilateral motor cortex were assessed by
more » ... , while MRCP and electromyogram (EMG) were simultaneously monitored. MRCP started 1536 AE 58 ms before EMG onset and peaked 127 AE 24 ms after EMG onset. NIRS data showed bilateral prefrontal cortex at 0.5 AE 0.1 s before EMG onset and bilateral dorsal premotor cortex activations at 0.6 AE 0.1 s before EMG onset. The hand area of the sensorimotor cortex was activated left-dominantly, seen obviously peaked at 3.7 AE 0.2 s after EMG onset. The comparison between MRCP and NIRS results raised the possibility that the vascular response to neural activity occurs within 4 s with a voluntary pinch task. These results indicate that our technique allows detailed study of the motor control. Our method is a promising strategy for event-related motor control and neurovascular coupling studies.
doi:10.1117/1.jbo.17.7.076011 pmid:22894494 fatcat:rf6y7bswarbzdh2w72ig6hprna