Glass formation and properties of glasses in the system SrO–B2O3–SiO2–xAl2O3 (x=0; 10 mol.%)

Yu.S. Hordieiev, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, А.A. Amelina, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology
2021 Voprosy himii i himičeskoj tehnologii  
The paper shows the prospects of the system SrO–Al2O3–B2O3–SiO2 as a basis for the synthesis of new vitreous and glass-ceramic materials, which are widely used as electrical insulated and high-temperature coatings, for sealing of solid oxide fuel cells, and in the production of heat resistant materials. We experimentally established the conditions of glass formation, regions of glass-forming melts and properties of glasses, the chemical composition of which is limited by the following content
more » ... components (mol.%): SrO 30–80, B2O3 10–60, SiO2 10–60, and Al2O3 0–10. It is shown that during the synthesis of glasses in the corundum crucible at the temperature of 13500С the region of glass formation in the system SrO–B2O3–SiO2 is limited by the following content of components (mol.%): SrO 30–60, B2O3 10–60, and SiO2 10–50. It is found that the introduction of Al2O3 to the composition of these glasses expands the region of glass formation towards increase of the SiO2 content in the glass up to 60 mol.%. Experimentally determined values of glass properties are within the following limits: coefficient of linear thermal expansion (67–118)10–7 К–1; glass transition temperature 570–6600С; dilatometric softening point 580–7000С; and density 2.62–3.71 g cm–3. The established patterns of influence of the components and conditions of glass formation on the physical and chemical characteristics of glasses may serve as an experimental basis for designing of new materials with a complex of specified properties, which allows solving the problems of their practical use.
doi:10.32434/0321-4095-2021-138-5-43-49 fatcat:hlkiu5buijbctgh5wj3ma45ode