Air movement, gender and risk of sick building headache among employees in a Jakarta office

Margaretha Winarti, Bastaman Basuki, Abdulbar Hamid
2003 Medical Journal of Indonesia  
Abstrak Gedung-gedung perkantoran umumnya dilengkapi dengan sislim sirkulasi udara atau pendingin secara buatan untuk menciptakan kondisi lingkungan kerja yang nyaman. Namun, masih terdapat gejala-gejala sindrom gedung sakit (SGS). Salah satu gejala SGS adalah nyeri kepala SGS (NK SGS) Oleh karena itu perlu dikaji diidentiJikasifaktor-faktor risiko terhadap timbulnya N,K,SGS. Kasus dan kontrol diidentifkasi melalui sunei terhadap seluruh pekerja di kantor tersebut pada bulan Mei -Agustus 2002
more » ... Mei -Agustus 2002 di suatu perkantoran di Jakctrta. Kasus adalah subjek dengan Ni( ,tGS, kontrol adalah subiek tanpa keluhan NK SCS selama satu bulan terakhir. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 240 orang, dan yang menderita NKSGS sebanyak 36 orang (15%o). Bila dibandingkan dengan kecepatan gerakan udara yang normal, maka kecepatan gerakan udara yang cepat memperkecil risiko timbulnya NK SG'S sebesar 57oÀ [(rasio odds (OR) suaian : 0,43; 95% interval kepercayaan (CI): 0,19-0,95]. Bila dibandingkan dengan pekerja laki-laki, pekerja perempuan mempunyai risiko NK SGS hampir 3 kali lipat lebih besar (OR suaian : 2,96; 95% q: 1,29-6,75). Pekerja dengan kebiasaan kadang-kadang sarapan, mempunyai risiko terkena NK SGS lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan yang biasa sarapan (OR suaian:0,27; 95% CL'0,10-0,96) Faktor suhu, kelembaban dan kebiasaan merokok tidak terbukti berkaitan dengan l/KSGS Pegawai perempuan mempunyai risiko NK SGS jika dibandingkan dengan laki-laki. Di samping itu, kecepatan gerakan udara yang lambat mempertinggi risiko NK SG.t Oleh karena itu perlu menambah kecepatan gerakan udara untuk mengurangi risiko timbulnya Nr( SGS terutama terhadap tempat kerja perempuan. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 171-7) Abstract Even though offce buildings are usually equipped with ventilation system or air conditiontng to creale a comfortable working environment, yet there is still found a number of sick building syndrome (SBS) symploms. One of the symptoms o/ SB,l ts SBS headache. Therefore, it is crucial to identify risk factors related to SBS headache. Cases were subjects who have suffered SBS headache, and controls were subjects who did not suffered headachefor the last one month. Cases and conlrols were selected through a survey on all of employees in the said olfce during the period of May to August 2002. Total respondents were 240 employees including 36 people suflered SBS headache (15%"). Compared lo the normal air movement, fasler air movemenl decreased the risk of SBS headache by 57% [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.43; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.19-0.95]. Female employees, compared to the males ones, had a higher risk of getting SBS headache by almost three times (adjusted OR = 2.96: 95?6 CI: I .29-6.7 5). Employees who had breakfast irregularly, had a lower risk to SBS headache than lhose who have brealcfast regularly (adjusted OR=O.31; 95% CI: 0 09-0.84). Temperature, humidity and smoking habits were no! noted correlated to SBS headache. Female workers had greater risk of utffering SBS headache. In addition slower air movement increased the risk of SBS headache. Therefore, it is recommended to inprove the progress of air in order to reduce the isk of SBS headache, especiallyforfemale worlqlace. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 171-7) Tall buildings are usually closed struchlres, which are equipped and circulated with air conditioning system Sick building syndrome headache l7 |
doi:10.13181/mji.v12i3.109 fatcat:mgdcwzjgyzgwbheufbq5uz36li