Analysis of Cesarean Section Indications According to the Robson Classification in Surgical Maternities in Dakar, Senegal: About 9185 Cases
Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
The caesarean section rate remains relatively high in the surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar and the indications for scarred uterus are still high. The management of induced prematurity for maternal pathologies still poses real problems in Dakar. The aim of our study is to compare the Caesarean section rate in the different surgical facilities in Dakar. We used the ROBSON's classification to evaluate the indications for Caesarean section in surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar. Methods:
... was a descriptive and analytical prospective study which took and which included all patients who delivered by caesarean section. Indications for Caesarean section were classified according to ROBSON's 10 group classification. The parameters studied were age, frequency, indications for Caesarean section in these surgical maternity hospitals and, Apgar score at five minutes and, birth weight. Data collection was done through birth records and registers, on-call diaries and integrated into a database developed with Sphinx software. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Results: During the period of the study we recorded 35287 deliveries with 9185 Caesarean sections, i.e. a frequency of 26%. The average age of the patients was 29 years. Indications for Caesarean section in Dakar surgical maternity hospitals were dominated by group 5 (28.4%) according to Robson's classification. Group 10 in Robson's classification was predominant in the maternity hospitals of University hospital Aristide Le Dantec (23.3%) and Municipal Hospital Center Abass NDAO (22.5%). Group 5 was found in the maternity units of the Gaspard 9%). 4 facilities had a caesarean section rate higher than 30% (University hospital Aristide Le Dantec 35.6%, Youssou Mbargane Diop Hospital in Rufisque 32.03%, Municipal Hospital Center Abass Ndao 32.01% and, National Hospital Center of Pikine 30.45%). The average birth weight of new-borns was 2943 grams, with an average Apgar score of 8 at the fifth minute. The post-op care was simple. Conclusion: The caesarean section rate remains relatively high in the surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar and the indications for scarred uterus are still high.