Carbon Dioxide Dry Reforming of Glycerol for Hydrogen Production using Ni/ZrO2 and Ni/CaO as Catalysts

Nur Nabillah Mohd Arif, Dai-Viet N. Vo, Mohammad Tazli Azizan, Sumaiya Zainal Abidin
2016 Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis  
<p>Glycerol, byproduct from the biodiesel production can be effectively utilized as the promising source of synthesis gas (syngas) through a dry reforming reaction. Combination of these waste materials with greenhouse gases which is carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) will help to reduce environmental problem such as global warming. This dry reforming reaction has been carried out in a fixed bed batch reactor at 700 °C under the atmospheric pressure for 3 hours. In this experiment, reforming
more » ... t, reforming reaction was carried out using Nickel (Ni) as based catalyst and supported with zirconium (ZrO<sub>2</sub>) and calcium (CaO) oxides. The catalysts were prepared by wet impregnation method and characterized using Bruanaer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermo Gravimetric (TGA), and Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR) analysis. Reaction studies show that 15% Ni/CaO give the highest hydrogen yield and glycerol conversion that peaked at 24.59% and 30.32%, respectively. This result is verified by XRD analysis where this catalyst shows low crystallinity and fine dispersion of Ni species resulted in high specific surface area which gives 44.93 m<sup>2</sup>/g that is validated by BET. Copyright © 2016 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved</p><p>Received: 21<sup>st</sup> January 2016; Revised: 24<sup>th</sup> February 2016; Accepted: 29<sup>th</sup> February 2016</p><p><strong>How to Cite:</strong> Arif, N.M.M., Vo, D.V.N., Azizan,M.T., Abidin S.Z. (2016). Carbon Dioxide Dry Reforming of Glycerol for Hydrogen Production using Ni/ZrO<sub>2</sub> and Ni/CaO as Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering &amp; Catalysis, 11 (2): 200-209 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.11.2.551.200-209)</p><p><strong>Permalink/DOI:</strong> http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.11.2.551.200-209</p>
doi:10.9767/bcrec.11.2.551.200-209 fatcat:q77uwmwd4vdh3gzutqrkz24uj4