Adapted 6 + 1 Trait Scoring Rubric and Scored Writing Samples of First-Grade Written Composition (Kim et al., 2014)

Young-Suk Kim, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Jessica S. Folsom, Luana Greulich, Cynthia Puranik
2021
Purpose This study examined dimensions of written composition by using multiple evaluative approaches such as an adapted 6 + 1 trait scoring, syntactic complexity measures, and productivity measures. It further examined unique relations of oral language and literacy skills to the identified dimensions of written composition. Method A large sample of 1st-grade students (N = 527) was assessed on their language, reading, spelling, letter writing automaticity, and writing in the spring. Data were
more » ... alyzed using a latent variable approach, including confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Results The seven traits in the 6 + 1 trait system were best described as two constructs: substantive quality and spelling and writing conventions. When the other evaluation procedures such as productivity and syntactic complexity indicators were included, four dimensions emerged: substantive quality, productivity, syntactic complexity, and spelling and writing conventions. Language and literacy predictors were differentially related to each dimension in written composition. Conclusion These four dimensions may be a useful guideline for evaluating developing beginning writers' compositions.
doi:10.23641/asha.6170432.v1 fatcat:gzqb33ji7rh3tjn6mkbpfejlbe