The Correlation between Maternal Adult Attachment Style and Postpartum Depression and Parenting Stress

Sung Yong Park, Sun Mi Kim, Baik Seok Kee, Doug Hyun Han, Churl Na, Gwang Jun Kim, Min Young Park, Na Mi Lee
2015 Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association  
ObjectivesZZWe aimed to determine whether the adult attachment styles of pregnant women could predict development of postpartum depression. MethodsZZKorean version of Revised Adult Attachment Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory-State/Trait (STAI-S/T), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) were administered at baseline. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Parenthood Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), STAI-S, and CES-D were assessed at week 2 and 6 postpartum.
more » ... stpartum. Participants were categorized into the secure-mom (SM ; n=48) or insecure-mom (IM ; n=9) group. ResultsZZWhile STAI-S scores in SM showed a continuous decrease during the entire observation period, STAI-S scores in IM decreased during the first two weeks but increased during the next four weeks. While SM showed decreased CES-D scores from week 2 to 6, IM showed increased CES-D scores from week 2 to 6. Although SM showed decreased EPDS scores from week 2 to 6, IM showed increased EPDS scores from week 2 to 6. In SM, the change in EDPS score from week 2 to week 6 showed positive correlation with PSQ-ability and PSQ-social subscale scores. ConclusionZZAssessing the maternal adult attachment style before giving birth appears to be helpful for screening the high-risk group who are vulnerable to development of postpartum depression. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc 2015;54(4):515-522 KEY WORDSZZ Maternal adult attachment style · Postpartum depression · Parenting stress.
doi:10.4306/jknpa.2015.54.4.515 fatcat:6assjqdwzjb2nb535zsca7pdei