New biological and genetic classification and therapeutically relevant categories in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Jan Starý, Jan Zuna, Marketa Zaliova
2018 F1000Research  
Traditionally, genetic abnormalities detected by conventional karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and polymerase chain reaction divided childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) into well-established genetic subtypes. This genetic classification has been prognostically relevant and thus used for the risk stratification of therapy. Recently, the introduction of genome-wide approaches, including massive parallel sequencing methods (whole-genome, -exome, and
more » ... anscriptome sequencing), enabled extensive genomic studies which, together with gene expression profiling, largely expanded our understanding of leukemia pathogenesis and its heterogeneity. Novel BCP-ALL subtypes have been described. Exact identification of recurrent genetic alterations and their combinations facilitates more precise risk stratification of patients. Discovery of targetable lesions in subsets of patients enables the introduction of new treatment modalities into clinical practice and stimulates the transfer of modern methods from research laboratories to routine practice.
doi:10.12688/f1000research.16074.1 fatcat:cj6ohlpwgrdthjmjiaydnicrqa