Viscoelastic Effects of Silicone Gels at the Micro- and Nanoscale

Kenry, Man Chun Leong, Mui Hoon Nai, Fook Chiong Cheong, Chwee Teck Lim
2015 Procedia IUTAM  
There has been an increased use of silicone gel for applications such as cell traction force measurements as well as lab-and organ-on-chip systems. However, silicone gel is a viscoelastic material which tends to undergo non-elastic deformation and displays time-dependent and strain rate-dependent responses. Here, we evaluated the mechanical responses of two types of commonly used silicone gels, Sylgard-184 and CY52-276, when subjected to nanoNewton force and micrometer displacement length
more » ... . Using different mechanical characterization tools and theoretical models, we characterized and quantified the viscoelastic parameters of these substrates. Our experimental results showed that silicone substrates with high stiffness and elasticity and negligible strain rate-dependency and creep responses will be most suited for use at the nanoNewton force and micrometer displacement length scales such as that encountered in cell traction force assays.
doi:10.1016/j.piutam.2014.12.004 fatcat:62xmf2ratffy5efqidufq5aafq