Interest of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen premix sedation in gerodontology

Emmanuel Nicolas
2008 Clinical Interventions in Aging  
Elderly patients presenting cardiovascular, respiratory, or neurological disorders require a specifi c dental care approach, especially patients presenting Alzheimer's disease. Sedative procedures can prevent dental care-induced stress, even when there is effective pain control, but they have to be adapted to accommodate age-induced physiological modifi cations, age-related pathologies, and the concomitant treatments. In many situations, routine sedative prescriptions for dental care, such as
more » ... tal care, such as benzodiazepine or antihistaminics, are not recommended for these patients. Nitrous oxide inhalation together with a specifi c behavioral threshold is currently the only sedative procedure adapted to cognitively-impaired elderly patients. Nitrous oxide is able to curb stress and its cardiovascular consequences, improve oxygenation, and optimize cooperation during dental care, making not only rehabilitation treatments but also routine dental care a viable option.
doi:10.2147/cia.s4381 fatcat:uxjfpkqqzrcjlolyumltzvukr4