Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Evaluation of Intracranial Tumors: A Prospective Study in A Tertiary Hospital

Dr Shivani Gogi
2017 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
the findings on imaging studies. However, prognosis of these patients has improved considerably due to recent advances in diagnostic techniques, microsurgery and radiotherapy. Clinical evaluation, radiology and pathology play big roles in deciding the long-term prognosis. 1 Recent advances in imaging techniques have exploded into the horizon of using many different modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) perfusion, positron emission tomography, and
more » ... omography, and single photon emission CT. These imaging modalities have revolutionized the diagnosis and management of brain tumors. 2 MRI has earned recognition as the optimal screening technique for the detection of the most intracranial neoplasms. MRI using spin echo, gradient echo, and combination spin echo and gradient echo pulsing Original Article Abstract Background: Brain tumors can be classified by location into supratentorial, infratentorial, and midline tumors. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has earned recognition as the optimal screening technique for the detection of most intracranial tumors. MRI using spin echo, gradient echo, and combination of spin echo and gradient echo pulse sequences before and after intravenous administration of paramagnetic contrast agents provides inherently greater contrast resolution between structural abnormalities and adjacent brain parenchyma and has proved to be more sensitive in the detection of focal lesions of the brain. Methods: A total of 40 patients with symptoms of intracranial pathology were subjected to MRI and those cases found to have supratentorial tumors and proven by histopathology were studied during the period Results: The MRI features of 40 supratentorial tumors were reviewed, out of which 63% were found to be extra-axial tumors and 37% intra-axial tumors. About 27% were found to be glial tumors and 73% were found to be non-glial tumors. Astrocytomas and meningiomas formed majority of the glial and non-glial tumors, respectively. Astrocytomas were predominantly located in the frontoparietal and frontal lobes, whereas majority of meningiomas were located in bilateral cerebral convexities and parafalcine regions. Conclusion: MRI proves to be a valuable modality of imaging in evaluating the characteristics, distribution, localizing, and assessing of the extent of various intra-and extra-axial tumors in the supratentorial region.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v5i8.19 fatcat:6dys5s5efjechbixswtsrlqvma