Application of the general perceived self-efficacy scale in cardiovascular rehabilitation

Anna Maria Zotti, Gianluigi Balestroni, Paola Cerutti, Silvia Rossi Ferrario, Elisabetta Angelino, Massimo Miglioretti
2016 Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease  
Psychosocial support, education and self-management are important complements of rehabilitation programs. A central concept in self-management is self-efficacy, which refers to oneself confidence in reaching a desired goal. The General Perceived Self-Efficacy scale (GSE), developed to measure self-efficacy at the broadest level, could be useful in the rehabilitation setting, in order to assess patients' selfmanagement difficulties as well as to design specific interventions for specific
more » ... or specific diseases. Aim of this work is to verify the GSE Italian version psychometric properties applied to the rehabilitation setting. Data were analyzed from 395 in-patients attending cardiac (83.8%) and neurological (16.2%) rehabilitation. Cardiac patients suffered from post-MI, CABG or heart-failure; all of the neurological patients suffered from amiotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). They were mostly males (84.5%), and the mean age was 55.7 years. Principal component factor analysis confirmed that GSE has a monofactorial structure with internal consistency of .85. As in previous studies, a gender difference emerged. There was no difference in cardiac patients, on the basis of their specific disease, but they showed higher self-efficacy perception compared to ALS patients. The findings confirm that GSE is a valid measure of self-efficacy in settings characterised by different levels of functional abilities, as in cardiac and neurological rehabilitation.
doi:10.4081/monaldi.2007.451 pmid:18361215 fatcat:kwadi4cj3fgqtk2edt7gdymwqu