Modeling Analysis on Propagation of Structure-Borne Vibration Caused by an Indoor Distribution Transformer in a Building and Its Control Method
With the increase of urban population and electricity demand, in order to provide sufficient power to residents, distribution transformers are getting closer to residential buildings, and are even directly placed on the first floor or the basement of buildings due to space limitations. The vibration and noise with low frequency of mainly 50-250 Hz generated by the distribution transformers spread to rooms through beams, bricks, walls and other building structures, which inevitably damages the
... tably damages the living environment. In this paper, through focusing on the frame of buildings, simulation models of the indoor distribution transformer vibrating in the structure field are built, including a two-layer model and a six-layer model. This paper simulates and analyzes the vibration response of the structural system, studies the propagation laws of the structure-borne sound caused by the transformer and quantitatively analyzes the attenuation characteristics of the vibration. Finally the prevention method of the structure-borne noise, called vibration isolation, is introduced and analyzed by the field test to evaluate the noise reduction effect. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 405 2 of 23 measures to achieve the desired results. Building engineers and consultants address airborne noise problems more effectively and confidently than structure-borne noise problems  . Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 405 2 of 23 sound insulation, muffler or sound control measures to achieve the desired results. Building engineers and consultants address airborne noise problems more effectively and confidently than structure-borne noise problems  .