The role of S-adenosylmethionine in the lysine 2,3-aminomutase reaction

M Moss, P A Frey
1987 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The interconversion of L-lysine and L-3,6-diamino-hexanoate (L-beta-lysine) catalyzed by lysine 2,3-aminomutase is known to be stimulated by added S-adenosylmethionine (Chirpich, T. P., Zappia, V., Costilow, R. N., and Barker, H. A. (1970) J. Biol. Chem. 245, 1778-1789). In this paper we show that enzyme activated by S-[2,8,5'-3H]adenosylmethionine catalyzes the conversion of L-lysine to the equilibrium mixture of L-lysine and L-beta-lysine with incorporation of high levels of tritium into both
more » ... isomers. The tritium levels in the isomers reflect the equilibrium constant for their interconversion, 84% in the L-beta-lysine and 16% in L-lysine compared with Keq = 5.3 +/- 0.3 in the direction of the formation of L-beta-lysine at pH 7.7 and 30 degrees C. No significant tritium is incorporated into lysine from S-[2,8-3H]adenosylmethionine or S-adenosyl[methyl-3H] methionine under comparable conditions. Therefore, the tritium incorporated into lysine in the former reaction arises from the 5'-position of the 5'-deoxyadenosyl group in S-adenosylmethionine. These experiments implicate the 5'-deoxyadenosyl portion of S-adenosylmethionine in the hydrogen transfer mechanism of this reaction, perhaps in a role analogous to that played by the 5'-deoxyadenosyl moiety of deoxyadenosyl cobalamin in coenzyme B12-dependent rearrangements.
pmid:3117791 fatcat:r5trxinmbzdlhmzoaw4nyjaby4