A study of the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disorders among patients registered with the primary health centres
Australasian Medical Journal
Cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) are considered among the most common co-morbidities especially in developed countries that are easily preventable by controlling its risk factors and developing a healthy life style. Aims To identify the magnitude and risk factors of CVDs among PHC patients in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia. Methods This was an interviewee based cross-sectional study conducted among the patients who were chosen through a one-stage cluster sampling method. Data was collected through a pre
... structured close ended questionnaire. Results The study included 397 participants with mean age of 44.5±13.7 years. About 22 per cent of the participants had one of the CVDs and hypertension was the most commonly recorded one (20.4 per cent). Statistically significant risk factors associated with CVDs were smoking (Odds ratio -2.9), DM (OR-2.1) and obesity (OR-3.5). Triglycerides readings were higher among those having CVDs as compared to those who were healthy. Conclusion It was found that one out of five participants were affected with CVDs in spite of their young age. Obesity, smoking, age, diabetes mellitus and elevated blood pressure were the most important predictors. What this study adds: What is known about this subject? The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increases with age irrespective of the lifestyle choices among the population. What new information is offered in this study? This study highlights the importance of primary preventive measures at an early age to reduce the risk of CVDs among the younger population. What are the implications for research, policy, or practice? A cohort study should be done to find the effectiveness of health education and its effect on the incidence of CVDs among the younger population.