Pilot: Passive Device-Free Indoor Localization Using Channel State Information

Jiang Xiao, Kaishun Wu, Youwen Yi, Lu Wang, Lionel M. Ni
2013 2013 IEEE 33rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems  
Many emerging applications such as intruder detection and border protection drive the fast increasing development of device-free passive (DfP) localization techniques. In this paper, we present Pilot, a Channel State Information (CSI)-based DfP indoor localization system in WLAN. Pilot design is motivated by the observations that PHY layer CSI is capable of capturing the environment variance due to frequency diversity of wideband channel, such that the position where the entity located can be
more » ... iquely identified by monitoring the CSI feature pattern shift. Therefore, a "passive" radio map is constructed as prerequisite which include fingerprints for entity located in some crucial reference positions, as well as clear environment. Unlike devicebased approaches that directly percepts the current state of entities, the first challenge for DfP localization is to detect their appearance in the area of interest. To this end, we design an essential anomaly detection block as the localization trigger relying on the CSI feature shift when entity emerges. Afterwards, a probabilistic algorithm is proposed to match the abnormal CSI to the fingerprint database to estimate the positions of potential existing entities. Finally, a data fusion block is developed to address the multiple entities localization challenge. We have implemented Pilot system with commercial IEEE 802.11n NICs and evaluated the performance in two typical indoor scenarios. It is shown that our Pilot system can greatly outperform the corresponding best RSS-based scheme in terms of anomaly detection and localization accuracy.
doi:10.1109/icdcs.2013.49 dblp:conf/icdcs/XiaoWYWN13 fatcat:qvgy6gtaqfewfhapdxryk7bliy