The role of vagal ischemia on the destiny of Peyer's patches: first experimental study
Journal of Research in Clinical Medicine
The vagal network has a major potential role in the immune-life of Peyer's patches, but there is no satisfying information if vagal ischemia causes Peyer's patches (PP) disruption following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Methods: Twenty-two rabbits were used as control (GI, n = 5), "sham" (GII, n = 5), and SAH (GIII, n = 12) groups in this experiment. 0.5 cc saline for GII and 0.5 cc autologous blood for GIII was injected into cisterna magna of the rabbits. Four weeks later, they were
... they were euthanized. Their brains, vagal nerves, nodose ganglia, Peyer's patches, and intestines were examined, using stereological methods. The Peyer's patches volumes (PPVs)/intestine volume per cubic millimeter was accepted as PP injury score based on a total of 10 points. Results: The mean degenerated neuron densities of the nodose ganglia and degenerated axon densities of vagal nerves were 5 ± 2/mm 3 and 6 ± 2/mm 2 in the GI, 13 ± 4/mm 3 and 89 ± 16/mm 2 in the GII and 321 ± 83/mm 3 and 293 ± 88/mm 2 in GIII. The mean PPVs and PP score were 8 ± 1×10 6 µm 3 /mm 3 and 0-3 in the GI, 10 ± 3×10 6 µm 3 /mm 3 and 4-7 in the GII, and 21 ± 5×10 6 µm 3 /mm 3 and 8-10 in GIII. P < 0.0001 in PPV/PP score/degenerated axon densities of vagal nerves; P < 0.0005 in PPV/PP score/degenerated neuron densities of the nodose ganglia between GI/GIII; P < 0.001 in (PPV/PP score)/degenerated axon densities of vagal nerves; P < 0.005 in PPV/PP score/degenerated neuron densities of the nodose ganglia between GII/GIII; and P > 0.05 in GI/GII were noted. Conclusion: Vagal ischemia/insult may be responsible for PP denervation, and injury-induced dangerous intestinal immunodeficiency following SAH.