Models of Talik, Permafrost and Gas Hydrate Histories—Beaufort Mackenzie Basin, Canada

Jacek Majorowicz, Kirk Osadetz, Jan Safanda
2015 Energies  
Models of talik, permafrost and gas hydrate (GH) histories below shallow lakes are investigated and compared to models of Beaufort Mackenzie Basin (BMB) GH occurrences to describe lacustrine inundation effects, which are compared against factors controlling the variations among Mackenzie Delta (MD) permafrost, GH and talik occurrence. Models using a 2-4 °C boundary temperature range indicate that geological setting, specifically underlying lithology and porosity, are the primary controls in
more » ... ary controls in talik formation below lakes. Below a lake of any size, where the underlying lithology is sandy it is practically impossible to produce a pervasive talik or to completely degrade significant GH accumulations in response to the boundary condition thermal effects alone. Models predict that talik formation is, in such cases, restricted to the upper few tens of meters below the lake. Permafrost degradation appears common where porosities are <40% and water bottom temperatures reach 2-4 °C, in both marine and lacustrine settings. Where porosities are higher a thin GH stability zone can persist, even where deep taliks have formed.
doi:10.3390/en8076738 fatcat:ufebf2cafnbxnfuvk5iedyg65u