Antifungal activity of six plant essential oils from Serbia against Trichoderma aggressivum f. europaeum

Rada Djurovic-Pejcev, Ivana Potocnik, Svetlana Milijasevic-Marcic, Biljana Todorovic, Emil Rekanovic, Milos Stepanovic
2014 Pesticidi i Fitomedicina  
Six essential oils (EOs) extracted from plants originating in Serbia were assayed for inhibitory and fungicidal activity against a major fungal pathogen of button mushroom causing green mould disease, Trichoderma agressivum f. europaeum. The strongest activity was demonstrated by the oils of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Medium antifungal activity of St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) and walnut [Juglans regia (F)] oils was also recorded. Oils extracted
more » ... ded. Oils extracted from yarrow (Achillea millepholium L.) and juniper (Juniperus communis L.) exhibited the lowest activity. Peppermint oil showed fungicidal effect on the pathogen, having a minimum fungicidal concentration of 0.64 µl ml -1 . The main components of peppermint essential oil were menthone (37.02%), menthol (29.57%) and isomenthone (9.06%).
doi:10.2298/pif1404291d fatcat:zfgpzbmkhfbu3na6bowhmhmqwa