Origin of Albite Porphyroblasts

K. A. Jones
1962 Geological Magazine  
In his recent article on Pre-Cambrian perthosites of Nyasaland (Geol. Mag., 98,[235][236][237][238][239][240][241][242][243][244][245], Dr. S. W. Morel evidently deals with a series of rocks showing an evolution of the perthites, which has not received proper recognition. The evolution could perhaps be demonstrated from the rocks formed solely of perthites-through rocks formed of perthites with marginal oligoclase (in optical and crystallographic continuity with the plagioclase component of
more » ... hite, p. 241), to rocks formed of perthites " separated from one another by a narrow zone of granulitic oligoclase " (i.e. discrete grains of oligoclase). The apparently " perthite free " types may evolve from complete replacement of perthite. The transitional stages of replacement are marked by relict " wisps of antiperthites " in oligoclase. The particular observation that " the amount of oligoclase present varies with the amount of perthite " signifies a genetic connection between the two. Such trends of textural evolution of perthites have long ago been discussed and demonstrated by Tuttle (1952) . The development of sodi-potassic felspar (from corresponding late liquid) in the rocks was very likely mostly post-kinematic, as hinted by the author (p. 241). Igneous action thus partly post-dates metamorphism in the region studied. Perthosites of Koraput, India, have many features in common with those of Nyasaland and are formed of perthites with crenulated margins, due to development of secondary albite. The exsolving albite shows a tendency to come out of the host and to localize along the periphery of grains. The feature is, however, well marked in the associated nepheline syenites.
doi:10.1017/s0016756800057186 fatcat:rbbl5oawmrcr3igtaqiihxohpe