Transposable temperate phages promote the evolution of divergent social strategies in Pseudomonas aeruginosa populations [article]

Siobhán O'Brien, Rolf Kümmerli, Steve Paterson, Craig Winstanley, Michael A. Brockhurst
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
AbstractTransposable temperate phages randomly insert into bacterial genomes, providing increased supply and altered spectra of mutations available to selection, thus opening alternative evolutionary trajectories. Transposable phages accelerate bacterial adaptation to new environments, but their effect on adaptation to the social environment is unclear. Here we show, using experimental evolution of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in iron-limited and iron-rich environments causing differential expression
more » ... erential expression of siderophore cooperation, that transposable phages promoted divergence into extreme siderophore production phenotypes in iron-limited populations. Iron-limited populations with transposable phages evolved siderophore over-producing clones alongside siderophore non-producing cheats. Low siderophore production was associated with parallel mutations in pvd genes, encoding pyoverdine biosynthesis, and pqs genes, encoding quinolone signaling, while high siderophore production was associated with parallel mutations in phenazine-associated gene clusters. Notably, some of these parallel mutations were caused by phage insertional inactivation. These data suggest that transposable phages, which are widespread in microbial communities, can mediate the evolutionary divergence of social strategies.
doi:10.1101/593798 fatcat:ch4zgmr3frgvxeltathstp7lgy