Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni: The Interaction of Night Interruption on Gas Exchange, Flowering Delay, and Steviol Glycosides Synthesis

Jesús Antonio Rivera-Avilez, Alfredo Jarma-Orozco, Marcelo F. Pompelli
2021 Horticulturae  
The Stevia market is estimated to be USD 1.14 billion in 2028 due to its acceptance in the food and beverage industry. Stevia rebaudiana and its two more relevant edulcorants: stevioside (St) and rebaudioside A (Reb-A) can reach 450-fold sweeter than sucrose. The species is considered a long night plant, promoting flowering and shortening vegetative growth. Thus, to increase the leaf area and St and Reb-A increase, we broke the long night with a short light pulse, here called night interruption
more » ... (NI). In this study, three NI times and two S. rebaudiana genotypes were tested to promote larger vegetative growth, flowering delay, and higher synthesis of steviol glycosides (SvGly). The main goal of this study was to demonstrate that NI increased net photosynthesis (9% to 20%), the internode length (59%), the leaf area (25%), while delays in 4 to 10 days of the flowering phase, impacting in 17% to 25% more St and Reb-A, respectively. Here we describe an inexpensive flowering delay, elongation of vegetative growth, allowing extended harvesting, which could yield four to five annual harvesting of leaves, increasing the production in 21% to 24% more St and Reb-A yield (kg ha−1).
doi:10.3390/horticulturae7120543 fatcat:hds5236fhbej5jtnxrrxxk3d5a