Smoking effect on the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in hypertensive subjects [article]

Giulia Silveri, Lorenzo Pascazio, Aleksandar Miladinovic, Milos Ajcevic, Agostino Accardo
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The use of office measurement of Blood Pressure (BP) as well as of the mean on day-time, on night-time or on 24h does not accurately describe the changes of the BP circadian rhythm. Moreover, several risk factors affect this rhythm but until now possible alterations, due to the presence of such risk factors considered separately, were not been yet studied. Cigarette smoking is one of the most relevant risk factors increasing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to
more » ... luate quantitatively and with a suitable temporal detail how the smoking influences the BP circadian rhythm in normotensive and hypertensive subjects excluding those who presented other risk factors like obesity, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Holter BP monitoring coming from 618 subjects was used and the behaviour on 24h was examined separately in normotensive and hypertensive subjects either smokers or non-smokers. Four intervals with alternate different characteristics were found in the BP rhythm and regression lines approximated them in order to evaluate the changing rate of BP in each period. Results showed higher values from 10:00 to 02:00 in hypertensive smokers than non-smokers and significant differences between normotensive smokers and non-smokers between 10:00 and 19:00. The changing rate between 10:00 and 14:30 was higher in non-smokers than in smokers for both normotensive and hypertensive subjects while the opposite was found in the other three periods. The different velocity rates of BP changes during 24h, could be associated with different risk levels of cardiovascular disease.
arXiv:2011.05392v1 fatcat:yvseahri6vf7teuge6kz4s2jke