Understanding the Mechanism of Formation of a Response to Juglone for Intact and Immobilized Bacterial Cells as Recognition Elements of Microbial Sensors: Processes Causing the Biosensor Response
Microbial reactor sensors (based on freshly harvested intact microbial cells) or microbial membrane sensors (based on immobilized microbial cells) can be used as convenient instruments for studying processes that cause the response of a biosensor, such as the properties of enzymes or the characteristics of metabolism. However, the mechanisms of the formation of biosensors responses have not yet been fully understood to study only one of these processes. In this work, the results of studies on
... e formation of a response to juglone for intact and immobilized bacterial cells used as receptors are presented. It was shown that the contribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to the formation of the biosensor response depends on the culture receptor and the form of juglone, quinone, or phenolate used. The response to the quinone form of juglone both for intact and immobilized cells of catalase-positive actinobacterium is formed regardless of the presence of ROS. The response of freshly harvested intact actinobacterial cells was caused by the rate of the enzymatic conversion of juglone. The rate of the response of immobilized actinobacterial cells was influenced by the activity of transport systems and metabolism. The response of immobilized pseudomonad cells was caused by the transport of juglone into cells, the inhibitory effect of juglone-induced ROS, and juglone metabolism.