Die alteste Alchemie. Mrs. Ingeborg Hammer-Jensen

1922 Isis  
est possible de lire ce qu'ils ont ecrit et meme de le lire avec plaisir. II y a un bon index, et mon seul regret, c'est que le directeur de cette publication n'ait point songe a faire indiquer pour chaque personnalit6 les notices deja parues, soit dans la Biographie nationale, soit dans la Biographie academique. I1 eut ete facile de le faire tres brievement et cela eut augmente considerablement la valeur pratique de ce manuel. L'Academie fut fondee par MARIE-THARESE en 1772, mais la pericde de
more » ... mais la pericde de creation n'a qu'un interet de curiosite. Ce livre se rapporte donc essentiellement au xixe siecle ou plus exactement a la periode seculaire qui s'acheve en ce moment, mais il nous offre un guide excellent pour l'etude de la pensee scientifique en Belgique durant cette periode. G. S. Mrs. Ingeborg Hammer-Jensen. -Die iilteste Alchemie, 159 p. (Danish Academy of Sciences.) Copenhagen, 1921. In the year 1916, there appeared a short report (1), entitled Deux papyrus a contenu d'ordre chinzique by Mrs. INGEBORG HAMMER-JENSEN, of whom VON LIPPMANN speaks (2) as author of notable philologic works, among others on the Physics of PLATO and on Aristotelian Meteorology. The reviewer, not having the early paper in hand, yet judges from VON LIPPMANN'S quotations that the present little book is a representation and enlargement of certain rather revolutionary views presented at that time, which may be listed as follows: 1. The author still maintains, against the objections presented in VON LIPPMANN'S paper, that BERTHELOT'S idea, and the commonly accepted belief, that alchemy was practised in the Egyptian temples and by Egyptian priests, is untenable. 2. The decree of DIOCLETIAN, expelling the alchemists from Egypt, could not have been issued. 3. The Leyden papyrus X and the Stockholm papyrus have nothing to do with alchemy. 4. The recipes of the papyri could not have succeeded. Ihe first authentic writersfrom ZOSIMOS, onwardshow Gnostic and Neoplatonic influence but no trace of Egyptian origin. The conclusion of the author is that alchemy may be assumed to have begun in, or about, the fifth century of our era and under purely Christian influence.
doi:10.1086/358092 fatcat:tqi7ja557napbkfvpc6vmpuxuy