Novel Diagnostic Options without Contrast Media or Radiation: Triggered Angiography Non-Contrast-Enhanced Sequence Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Treating Different Leg Venous Diseases
Objectives: Venous diseases in the lower extremities long lacked an objective diagnostic tool prior to the advent of the triggered angiography non-contrast-enhanced (TRANCE) technique. Methods: An observational study with retrospective data analysis. Materials: Between April 2017 and June 2019, 66 patients were evaluated for venous diseases through TRANCE-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and were grouped according to whether they had occlusive venous (OV) disease, a static venous ulcer (SU), or
... nous ulcer (SU), or symptomatic varicose veins (VV). The clinical appliance of TRANCE-MRI was analysed by groups. Results: In total, 63 patients completed the study. TRANCE-MRI could identify venous thrombosis, including that of the abdominal and pelvic vessels, and it enabled the timely treatment of underlying diseases in patients with OV disease. TRANCE-MRI was statistically compared with the duplex scan, the gold standard to exclude deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the legs, with regard to their abilities to detect venous thrombosis by using Cohen's kappa coefficient at a compatible value of 0.711. It could provide the occlusion degree of the peripheral artery for treating an SU. Finally, TRANCE-MRI can be used to outline all collateral veins and occult thrombi before treating symptomatic or recurrent VV to ensure a perfect surgical plan and to avoid complications. Conclusions: TRANCE-MRI is an innovative tool in the treatment of versatile venous pathology in the lower extremities and is widely used for vascular diseases in our institution.