Bone Remodeling Markers in Assessing of Sternal Reparative Regeneration in Patients With Carbohydrate Metabolism Disorders After Coronary Bypass Surgery

A. M. Gusakova, G. G. Nasrashvili, O. A. Trubacheva, V. V. Saushkin, M. B. Gorchakova, B. N. Kozlov, T. E. Suslova
2021 Kardiologiâ  
Aim To study time-related changes in bone remodeling markers in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and disorders of carbohydrate metabolism (CM). Also, a possibility was studied of using these markers for evaluation of breast bone reparative regeneration in early and late postoperative periods following coronary bypass (CB).Materials and methods This study included 28 patients with IHD and functional class II-III exertional angina after CB.
more » ... l angina after CB. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence (group 1) and absence (group 2) of CM disorders. Contents of osteocalcin (OC), C-terminal telopeptide (CTTP) of type 1 collagen, deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and alkaline phosphatase bone isoenzyme (ALPBI) were measured by enzyme immunoassay on admission (Т1) and at early (Т2) and late (Т3) postoperative stages. Sternal scintigraphy with a radiopharmaceutical (RP) was performed at stage 3 following sternotomy.Results The content of OC and CTTP was reduced in group 1 compared to the values in the group without CM disorders (р<0.005) at stages Т1 and Т2. There were no significant intergroup differences in concentrations of ALPBI and DPD throughout the study. Time-related changes in OC, CTTP, and DPD had some intergroup differences: the increase in biomarkers was observed in group 1 considerably later, at stage Т3 (р<0.005), while in group 2, it was observed at stage T2 after sternotomy. Scintigraphy revealed significant intergroup differences in the intensity of RP accumulation in sternal tissue.Conclusion The intergroup differences in the content of biomarkers evidenced a disbalance among processes of formation and resorption of bone tissue and delayed remodeling processes in patients with IHD associated with type 2 DM and CM disorders. The study confirmed significance of comprehensive evaluation of time-related changes in markers for bone tissue metabolism and sternal scintigraphy for diagnosis and evaluation of sternal reparative regeneration following sternotomy in patients with IHD associated with type 2 DM and disorders of CM metabolism.
doi:10.18087/cardio.2021.2.n1432 pmid:33734045 fatcat:kku32hp54bgdvhdxyofjjn34ty