Roof Plane Segmentation from Airborne LiDAR Data Using Hierarchical Clustering and Boundary Relabeling
The roof plane segmentation is one of the key issues for constructing accurate three-dimensional building models from airborne light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data. Region growing is one of the most widely used methods to detect roof planes. It first selects one point or region as a seed, and then iteratively expands to neighboring points. However, region growing has two problems. The first problem is that it is hard to select the robust seed points. The other problem is that it is
... that it is difficult to detect the accurate boundaries between two roof planes. In this paper, to solve these two problems, we propose a novel approach to segment the roof planes from airborne LiDAR point clouds using hierarchical clustering and boundary relabeling. For the first problem, we first extract the initial set of robust planar patches via an octree-based method, and then apply the hierarchical clustering method to iteratively merge the adjacent planar patches belonging to the same plane until the merging cost exceeds a predefined threshold. These merged planar patches are regarded as the robust seed patches for the next region growing. The coarse roof planes are generated by adding the non-planar points into the seed patches in sequence using region growing. However, the boundaries of coarse roof planes may be inaccurate. To solve this problem, namely, the second problem, we refine the boundaries between adjacent coarse planes by relabeling the boundary points. At last, we can effectively extract high-quality roof planes with smooth and accurate boundaries from airborne LiDAR data. We conducted our experiments on two datasets captured from Vaihingen and Wuhan using Leica ALS50 and Trimble Harrier 68i, respectively. The experimental results show that our proposed approach outperforms several representative approaches in both visual quality and quantitative metrics.