Biocontrol potentials of crude extracts of soil fungi on Amaranthus hybridus and Phyllanthus amarus

Oluyemisi Fawole, James Yahaya
2017 Journal of Agricultural Sciences Belgrade  
In a pot experiment, two fungal strains from soil, Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium citrinum, were evaluated for their mycoherbicidal properties on Amaranthus hybridus and Phyllanthus amarus using the biomass reduction method. The experiment was set up in a completely randomised block design made up of two weed species exposed to 20 treatments which consisted of the concentrated crude extracts of Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium citrinum at three levels as well as positive and
more » ... ositive and negative controls, each in three replications. The percentage biomass yields of Amaranthus hybridus and Phyllanthus amarus were determined at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after application and biomass reductions were calculated. Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance and significant means were separated using Duncan's multiple range test. Infections of the weeds occurred within 48 hours after the application of the crude extract treatments. Significant differences (p ≤ 0.001) were observed in the percentages of biomass yields of the two weed species, especially at the highest inocula concentration (5% w/v) of the crude extracts. The percentages of biomass yields of Amaranthus hybridus were 88.58% and 88.91%, while 69.79% and 81.34% were recorded for Phyllanthus amarus after the application of the concentrated extracts of Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium citrinum, respectively. The study shows that the concentrated crude extracts of both Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium citrinum had the potentials for use as biocontrol agents, with the fact that extracts of Penicillium citrinum had the greatest impact on the biomass yields of the two test weeds.
doi:10.2298/jas1701041f fatcat:lgp22mjeqze2tk7awof7yrunnm