Failure Rate of Adenoidectomy and Reasons of Failure in the Short Term
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to analyze the recovery rate of symptoms in patients with adenoid hypertrophy and investigate the role of nasal pathologies, allergy and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) as the reason of failure in patients with persistent symptoms. Patients and Methods: Patients undergoing adenoidectomy were enrolled in this study. There were 58 males and 42 females, aged between 1 -13 years (mean ± SD: 4.9 ± 2.2 years). The parents of each child were questioned about
... e questioned about the following symptoms; apnea, nasal obstruction, mouth breathing, snoring and nasal discharge. Presence or absence of nasal obstruction due to septal deviation and/or chonchal hypertrophy was noted. All children were evaluated for GER by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or pH monitorization and for allergy by specific IgE analysis or skin prick test. Three months after the operation the children were re-examined and their parents were interviewed about persistent symptoms. Patients with persistent symptoms were re-evaluated with rigid endoscopy for residual adenoid vegetation. Results: Apnea was cleared in the entire group postoperatively. However, 9 patients complained of nasal obstruction, 16 patients had mouth breathing, 9 patients had snoring and 17 patients continued to have nasal discharge two months after the operation. Statistical assessment showed a significant difference for each symptom between the pre-and postoperative level (p < 0.001). In the re-examination of the patients with persistent symptoms, none of them were found to have adenoid vegetation greater than grade 1. However, 71% of these patients had nasal pathology, 50% had allergy and 50% had GER. Conclusions: Adenoidectomy alone is an effective treatment for nasal obstruction and obstructive sleep symptoms in children. Persistent obstructive symptoms are usually due to nasal pathology and allergy.