Intelligent Agent Technology for Cellular-Assisted GPS Positioning using Bayesian and Self-Organizing Map
International journal of recent technology and engineering
This paper presents the use of intelligent agent technology, cellular-assisted Global Positioning System (GPS) and data mining for positioning purpose. Due to overlapping coverage areas of cell towers, conventional cell-based positioning techniques have been reported to be inaccurate. Current cell-assisted GPS positioning setup with high accuracy is costly as it requires huge investments on hardware deployments. A new solution of using intelligent agent technology was proposed by the authors
... an economical and satisfactory cell-assisted GPS positioning system. Location information in the form of cell identity (ID) and GPS coordinates pairs can be acquired via devices such as smart phones and GPS trackers. The cell ID-GPS coordinates pairs are then grouped by each individual cell ID. An intelligent agent equipped with data mining capabilities is then deployed to computer the optimal GPS coordinates of the cell ID to provide more precise location information. The proposed solution was evaluated via a prototype system. The system was built to collect raw data of cell-ID and GPS coordinate pairs from trackers and mobile phone applications. Using the reference GPS coordinate that was calculated by taking the mean of longitude and mean of latitude for all the GPS coordinates clustered in the same group, the geographical distance between each GPS coordinate and the reference GPS coordinate in the same group was computed to evaluate the performance of the proposed solution.. Experimental results showed that the proposed solution based on intelligent agent equipped with data mining capability helped in improving the prediction of location with sub-kilometer accuracy, in contract to the conventional cell-assisted GPS positioning system which have low accuracy with distance rate various in kilometers.