Several Tree-Based Solutions for Predicting Flyrock Distance Due to Mine Blasting

Mojtaba Yari, Danial Jahed Armaghani, Chrysanthos Maraveas, Alireza Nouri Ejlali, Edy Tonnizam Mohamad, Panagiotis G. Asteris
2023 Applied Sciences  
Blasting operations involve some undesirable environmental issues that may cause damage to equipment and surrounding areas. One of them, and probably the most important one, is flyrock induced by blasting, where its accurate estimation before the operation is essential to identify the blasting zone's safety zone. This study introduces several tree-based solutions for an accurate prediction of flyrock. This has been done using four techniques, i.e., decision tree (DT), random forest (RF),
more » ... gradient boosting (XGBoost), and adaptive boosting (AdaBoost). The modelling of tree-based techniques was conducted with in-depth knowledge and understanding of their most influential factors. The mentioned factors were designed through the use of several parametric investigations, which can also be utilized in other engineering fields. As a result, all four tree-based models are capable enough for blasting-induced flyrock prediction. However, the most accurate predicted flyrock values were obtained using the AdaBoost technique. Observed and forecasted flyrock by AdaBoost for the training and testing phases received coefficients of determination (R2) of 0.99 and 0.99, respectively, which confirm the power of this technique in estimating flyrock. Additionally, according to the results of the input parameters, the powder factor had the highest influence on flyrock, whereas burden and spacing had the lowest impact on flyrock.
doi:10.3390/app13031345 fatcat:cwwh7p2sqrf6nijw2p45hqsxvq