Beating of Eucalyptus Pulp Fibers under Neutral and Alkaline Conditions – A Valley Beater Study
Journal of Engineering Research and Reports
Beating is one of the most important and complicated processes that influences paper production and paper quality from both a process and a paper property standpoint. With increasing costs, environmental regulations and competitiveness in the today's global market, paper and board producers revisit existing production process to decrease production costs. New approached with additives such as new developed in-situ precipitated paper fillers materials have the potential to reduce production cost
... and increase profit margins. For this research bleached eucalyptus Kraft pulp adjusted to a pH of 7.5, 11.0 and 12.3, and laboratory manufactured in-situ precipitated calcium carbonate with a filler level based on oven dry fiber content of 20.9% and 41.7% and a pH of 7.5, and commercial produced precipitated calcium carbonate filler of 10% and 20%. All pulp suspensions were beaten for 80 minutes with samples taken at the unbeaten level and 20 minutes increments. The beating curve over 80 minutes beating time show that pulp suspensions with in-situ produced filer material have a higher dewatering ability with increasing filler content compared to the pulps with commercial PCC and different pH values. Viscosity slightly decreases for pulp suspension with commercial and in-situ produced filler content. Pulp suspension at a pH of 12.3 showed a significant decrease in viscosity over the 80 minutes beating time, superseding the filler containing pulp suspensions. Basis weight decreased over beating time for all pulp suspensions, which can be explained with an increased fines production during beating and lower fiber retention during handsheet forming. The breaking length index increase for all pulp suspensions till 40 minutes of beating time for the filler containing pulp suspensions. Tear index and burst index curves based on beating time are similar for all pulp suspensions with a maximum at 40 minutes beating for the tear index and 60 minutes beating for the burst index. High filler containing pulp suspension showed the lowest tear index.