Causes of Ships Groundings in Terms of Integrated Navigation Model

Mirosław Jurdziński
2017 Annual of Navigation  
The paper presents an influence of the navigational model change on the structural and qualitative changes of the ships groundings in international shipping. Data was analyzed based on reports of 75 seagoing vessels in international shipping in the 2000–2014. This study is an attempt to assess the causes of ships groundings in the new integrated navigation model.
doi:10.1515/aon-2017-0009 fatcat:kbdciem4rvbwjkmc7faozfyile