A Nested Hierarchy of Contexts: An Approach to Defining Significance for Lithic Scatters

Joseph Chartkoff
1995 Joumal of Califomia and Great Basin Anthropology   unpublished
The lithic scatter is perhaps the most common type of prehistoric site in California and many other parts of North America. Lithic scatters typically lack many of the attributes found in other types of sites, making their significance difficult to define for both research and cultural resource management purposes. It is herein proposed that lithic scatter significance is more readily defined by viewing these sites at several distinct and hierarchically related contextual levels, ranging from
more » ... ls, ranging from internal struaure to regional and subcontinental relationships. The viewing of a site at these different levels generates new questions at each level, which in turn helps define significance.