School's Effects on Academic and Occupational Careers of High School Graduates
The Journal of Educational Sociology
In this paper I tried to examine the academic and occupational career of high school graduatse (25 years old at the time of survey) in relation to the influences of schooling. In the analysis of the data, a technique of "log-linear model" was used to clarify the inner structure among the qualitative variables. The following results are obtained. First, academic careers (college attendance) of high school graduates are mostly determined by the course they completed in high school. Secondly, on
... ool. Secondly, on the other hand, occupational careers are determined by the course they attended in high school and the academic career they took after high school. These two variables are persistently independent to each other. For example, for the graduates of vocational courses, the course is more determinative than the academic career, and for the graduates of general course an inverse relationship is found. These findings suggest that the graduates of a general course are strongly motivated to enter college for the purpose of acquiring specific skills necessary for professional occupations. Thirdly, according to the same analysis applied to the consciousness in the workplace, one's occupation or job is a more determinative factor than the high school course or the academic career. That is to say, effects of schooling are not beyond the effects of occupation. Fourthly, however, college education enhances one's motivation to learn on the job, and discourages the feeling of one's solidality. This feature of college education might be understood more clearly through contrasting the job searching behavior of college students and the actual relationship between education and occupation.