Assessment of the Risk of Antipsychotics in Patients with Dementia in Actual Clinical Practice in Primary Health Care

María Del Carmen González-López, María José García-Ramón, Bruno José Nievas-Soriano, Tesifón Parrón-Carreño
Behavioral and psychological symptoms are almost universal in elderly patients with dementia. Antipsychotic drugs can be used but only in specific contexts as they can generate severe adverse effects. The main aim of this research was to evaluate the use of antipsychotic drugs in patients with accompanying treatment for dementia in actual clinical practice in primary health care. We further sought to analyze risk variables and factors associated and to acknowledge how sociodemographic and
more » ... al factors weighed on adverse effects' occurrence. A multicentric cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in three provinces of Spain. Stratified random sampling was performed to select 332 patients. Clinical data from their digital medical records were collected by their family doctors. The Global risk defined if the patients were subjected to risk. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed. The most used antipsychotics were quetiapine (65.5%), haloperidol (21.75%), and risperidone (15.8%); 93.8% of patients showed risk, and 81.1% of doses and 75.5% of treatment durations were inappropriate. These two last factors increased the global risk 23 and 20 times, respectively. Conclusions: In actual clinical practice conditions, a high use of antipsychotic drugs was found in patients with dementia. Most patients had inappropriate doses and treatment duration, factors that increased the risk of adverse effects considerably.
doi:10.3390/ph14100997 pmid:34681225 fatcat:ymc6s6h7lva2di6orb7xh7vb4e