Editorial: Phenomena Beyond the Standard Model: What Do We Expect for New Physics to Look Like?

António P. Morais, Stefano Moretti, Roman Pasechnik
2020 Frontiers in Physics  
Editorial on the Research Topic Phenomena Beyond the Standard Model: What Do We Expect for New Physics to Look Like? Particle physics (PP) is a vast and active research field of contemporary theoretical and experimental physics. Measurements made at microscopic distances have started to confront the most fundamental principles of nature encoded in the structure of the Standard Model (SM) of PP. With recent observations of accelerated expansion of the universe, massive dark halos filled with
more » ... sible matter, and persistent flavour physics anomalies, the SM is entering a period of most severe phenomenological tests that could eventually lead to a revision of our current understanding of the fundamental properties of matter, interactions, and even spacetime. While Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments have accessed fundamental interactions at the energy and intensity frontiers without notable discoveries so far, the demand for precision measurements is increasing. Already we are familiar with persistent inconsistencies within the SM framework, such as the absence of a viable dark matter (DM) candidate, the failure to describe the origin of dark energy, the inability to account for sufficient CP violation required for generation of the baryon asymmetry, the yet-to-be resolved hierarchy problem in the Higgs sector, and the lack of a dynamical mechanism for the natural generation of very specific observed patterns in fermion mass and mixing parameters. For instance, there is a substantial lack of first-principles understanding of the Higgs sector properties and origin of the electroweak scale, of the three quark/lepton families, of the unique neutrino features, and of the strong unexplained hierarchies in the lepton and quark sectors of the SM. The non-observation of New Physics (NP) in collider measurements remains puzzling and raises questions as to their discovery potential, methodology, precision, and sensitivity to weak signals. Conversely, with a wealth of new phenomenological information emerging from neutrino oscillation studies, astroparticle physics measurements, lowenergy analyses, and, more recently, gravitational waves, can we expect the SM to remain the baseline framework of PP, or should it be replaced eventually by a more accurate and complete theory of the building blocks and symmetries of nature? What kind of NP can we expect to show up and in what particular way? This Research Topic "Phenomena Beyond the Standard Model: What Do We Expect for New Physics to Look Like?" is devoted to highlighting selected topics in state-of-the-art theoretical
doi:10.3389/fphy.2020.00209 fatcat:frvz5wm4lzeqlmlhsinaowjibi