Linking Wound Interpretation to Behavioral Evidence Analysis

Youn Shin Kim, Myung Sook Park
2016 Korean Journal of Legal Medicine  
범죄인상 분석(criminal profiling)은 어떤 범죄 행동과 관 련된 개인의 특성을 추론하는 것으로 정의되고[1], 행동분 석(behavioral analysis)은 사건 현장과 가해 행동의 분석 을 통해서 사건의 전체를 재구성하여 향후 수사에 도움이 될 수 있는 정보를 추출하는 과정이라고 정의된다[2]. 그러나 이 분야에 종사하는 사람들의 전공영역이 다양한 것만큼이 나 그 명칭도 다양해서 행동증거분석(behavioral evidence analysis), 범죄현장분석(crime scene analysis), 가해자분석 (offender profiling), 심리적분석(psychological profiling), 수사심리학(investigative psychology) 등으로 불리고 있고, 각 명칭의 분명한 정의에 대한 합의나 일관성이 없이 서로 혼 용되고 있다[1]. 행동분석이란 어떤 범죄행위에 있어서 행동 특징을 통해 범죄의 재구성을 시도하는 것으로, 그 기본 전제
more » ... 범죄행위의 결과는 범죄현장에 반영되리라는 것이다[3]. In recent years, criminal profiling has received tremendous attention in the investigation of violent crimes in Korea. The basic premise of criminal profiling is that different patterns of offences will reflect differences in personality traits or motives among criminals. This article reviews the concept of behavioral evidence analysis as a method of criminal profiling and proposes the possibility of linking it to forensic wound interpretation. Behavior has different meanings across cultures and localities, and all crime scenes have their own characters and stories, which can be inferred using insight into the dynamics of human behavior. From the criminal profiling perspective, an offending action can be divided into two types: instrumental action and expressive action. In reality, however, violent criminal behavior is extremely variable, and it is difficult to make precise predictions regarding an offender's behavior or personality. For successful profiling, we need to collect unbiased, objective information, including autopsy reports, and forensic pathologists should have basic knowledge about behavioral evidence analysis. The authors insist that the assessment of injury as an offending behavior can be helpful for deducing the motive for the offence and personality traits of the perpetrator.
doi:10.7580/kjlm.2016.40.1.1 fatcat:6xlywzmxrfb67hnermu5yi2tsa