Low-rank density-matrix evolution for noisy quantum circuits

Yi-Ting Chen, Collin Farquhar, Robert M. Parrish
2021 npj Quantum Information  
AbstractIn this work, we present an efficient rank-compression approach for the classical simulation of Kraus decoherence channels in noisy quantum circuits. The approximation is achieved through iterative compression of the density matrix based on its leading eigenbasis during each simulation step without the need to store, manipulate, or diagonalize the full matrix. We implement this algorithm using an in-house simulator and show that the low-rank algorithm speeds up simulations by more than
more » ... wo orders of magnitude over existing implementations of full-rank simulators, and with negligible error in the noise effect and final observables. Finally, we demonstrate the utility of the low-rank method as applied to representative problems of interest by using the algorithm to speed up noisy simulations of Grover's search algorithm and quantum chemistry solvers.
doi:10.1038/s41534-021-00392-4 fatcat:224x2omzzvgsbhcptabjufbgui