Identification of Selective ERRγ Inverse Agonists

Jina Kim, Chun Im, Eun Yoo, Min Ma, Sang-Bum Kim, Eunmi Hong, Jungwook Chin, Hayoung Hwang, Sungwoo Lee, Nam Kim, Jae-Han Jeon, In-Kyu Lee (+4 others)
2016 Molecules  
GSK5182 (4) is currently one of the lead compounds for the development of estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRγ) inverse agonists. Here, we report the design, synthesis, pharmacological and in vitro absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, toxicity (ADMET) properties of a series of compounds related to 4. Starting from 4, a series of analogs were structurally modified and their ERRγ inverse agonist activity was measured. A key pharmacophore feature of this novel class of ligands is the
more » ... of ligands is the introduction of a heterocyclic group for A-ring substitution in the core scaffold. Among the tested compounds, several of them are potent ERRγ inverse agonists as determined by binding and functional assays. The most promising compound, 15g, had excellent binding selectivity over related subtypes (IC 50 = 0.44, >10, >10, and 10 µM at the ERRγ, ERRα, ERRβ, and ERα subtypes, respectively). Compound 15g also resulted in 95% transcriptional repression at a concentration of 10 µM, while still maintaining an acceptable in vitro ADMET profile. This novel class of ERRγ inverse agonists shows promise in the development of drugs targeting ERRγ-related diseases.
doi:10.3390/molecules21010080 pmid:26771593 fatcat:r6dskic32bgererwls2ilt4ycm