Second Grade

Clara Isabel Mitchell
1903 The Elementary School Teacher  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHER THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHER one of the children deposits one dollar a month with the teacher, from which sum the money for cocoa or milk at the daily luncheon and for the replenishing of desk supplies is taken. The children will each be given in lieu of this dollar the same sum in toy money, out of which they will pay their bills at the end of the week, and later will keep their own accounts. This again furnishes concrete work in addition, subtraction, and multiplication. The terms "cent," "nickel," " dime," "quarter," and "half-dollar" will gradually get their valuation in terms of materials used and their relative numeric value. The notation of any numbers will be given whenever either a temporary or a permanent record is needed. In addition to this use of number in real measurement, the children will have these facts of number repeated in number games which they enjoy as they do any games, and which will be useful in memorizing and quickly recalling these facts which they have acquired slowly in cooking, experimenting, and making. Literature.-While the stories will be selected in the main for literary merit and childlike character, some will be told which may illuminate or add beauty and fancy to things and phenomena met in their work, such as the story of the forging of the sword in Siegfried, or Hawthorne's version of King Midas or " The Golden Touch," the story of " The Walnut Tree that Wanted to Bear Tulips" from Cat Tails and Other Tales, the legend of the poplar tree from Nature Myths and Stories (Cooke). Some of the Jungle Stories will be read to the children, and they will read some of IEsop's Fables. Reading.-Words and sentences will be written upon the blackboard in all the work, wherever they can be made to serve asa record or be referred to again and again in a lesson. The directions for cooking and for measurements and moves in manual training and construction will be written upon the blackboard and used instead of the spoken directions. In reviewing the results of any piece of work or experiment the outcome will be written upon the blackboard in the children's words, read, and then printed and used again as a reading lesson. They will also have short stories to read. Games in phonics and rhyme-making will take the same place in reference to reading that the number drills do to number. Painting.-Stories will be illustrated, and pictures of the landscape will be painted from time to time; drawings will be made as working plans and to fill the place of oral description.
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