Contributions of Long-Term Research and Time-Series Observations to Marine Ecology and Biogeochemistry

Hugh W. Ducklow, Scott C. Doney, Deborah K. Steinberg
2009 Annual Review of Marine Science  
Time-series observations form a critical element of oceanography. New interdisciplinary efforts launched in the past two decades complement the few earlier, longer-running time series to build a better, though still poorly resolved, picture of lower-frequency ocean variability, the climate processes that drive variability, and the implications for food web dynamics, carbon storage, and climate feedbacks. Time series also enlarge our understanding of ecological processes and are integral for
more » ... oving models of physicalbiogeochemical-ecological ocean dynamics. The major time-series observatories go well beyond simple monitoring of core ocean properties, although that important activity forms the critical center of all time-series efforts. Modern ocean time series have major process and experimental components, entrain ancillary programs, and have integrated modeling programs for deriving a better understanding of the observations and the changing, three-dimensional ocean in which the observatories are embedded. 279 Annu. Rev. Marine. Sci. 2009.1:279-302. Downloaded from by University of California -San Diego on 02/03/09. For personal use only.
doi:10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163801 pmid:21141038 fatcat:xvdlrmwr4nhpdjggdpba5liape